Synthetic Diamonds: How to Tell if a Diamond is Real
A diamond is a precious stone that is formed through a combination of intense heat and pressure from deep within the earth. There are many stones that look like diamonds, such as cubic zirconium, moissanite, and crystal. In addition to these, stones that are created in a laboratory under simulated diamond conditions are not true diamonds. And while each of these stones are beautiful and valuable, learning that the stone you thought was a genuine diamond is in fact a fake can be quite a crushing blow.
Believe it or not, there are many people out there, men and women alike, who paid way too much for a giant rock that they were told was an authentic diamond. Without a trained professional eye and special equipment, it is hard to distinguish between real and fake diamonds but there are signs and guides to help you check out the authenticity of the rock.
First of all, you must be familiar with the overall traits and qualities of diamonds. These include the clarity of color of the diamond. There are several quick tests that you can give to a diamond to spot a fake. Turn a diamond upside down and place a paper with printed words underneath it. If you can read the words, the diamond is likely a fake. Breathe onto the diamond and watch how quickly it takes for your breath to disappear. On a real diamond, the fog from your breath should disappear almost instantly. Fake diamonds will stayed fogged up longer. As you look into a diamond, you should see gray reflections. Rainbow colored reflections are an indicator of a fake.
These are some simple tests that can help you quickly spot a fake diamond. They are not guaranteed measures, but they can definitely get you started. If you are purchasing diamond rings from a jeweler, you can also try asking if the diamond is real or if it is composed of any other materials such as cubic zirconium, moissanite, or crystal. An honest jeweler should give you a straight answer. Look for scratches or dents on the diamond. A diamond is extremely durable and should have few to no dents or scratches. A cubic zirconium or other stone won’t hold up as well and may show marks, indicating that it is indeed not a diamond.
If you already have a stone that you want to check for authenticity, you can have it appraised by a professional jeweler, but be sure to find someone who is recognized by the American Society of Appraisers. It is also wise to ask for a certificate from the Gemological Institute of America. Both of these organizations will give you more details about the exact value, characteristics, and specifications of your diamond.